Creation and Manipulation of Popular Religion: the
case of Christian
Zionism. Christianity as taught by
televangelists such as Billy Graham, Pat Robertson and Jerry Falwell, is one of
America's most widely held religions. It is also as close as
Constitutional decorum will permit, to becoming an official state
religion. It's been openly professed by successive Presidents and by
meetings and song at John Ashcroft's justice department. Yet this
fundamentalist, pentacostal, pre-millenialist, dispensationalist version
of Christianity (referred to in this article as Christian Zionism because of its
political affinity to Judaic Zionism) has almost no resemblance to the religion
of the Protestant Reformation, much less the Roman church, or the mysterious
Christianity of the first century AD. At every step to the creation of
this potent new religion, we can see the psychopathic hand of secret societies.
In a column entitled "Israeli Extremists and Christian Fundamentalists
The Alliance", Grace Halsell wrote:
What is the message of the Christian Zionist? Simply stated it is this Every
act taken by Israel is orchestrated by God, and should be condoned, supported,
and even praised by the rest of us.
"Never mind what Israel does," say the Christian Zionists.
"God wants this to happen." This includes the invasion of Lebanon,
which killed or injured an estimated 100,000 Lebanese and Palestinians, most of
them civilians; the bombing of sovereign nations such as Iraq; the deliberate,
methodical brutalizing of the Palestinians-breaking bones, shooting children,
and demolishing homes; and the expulsion of Palestinian Christians and Muslims
from a land they have occupied for over 2,000 years.
My premise in Prophecy and Politics is that Christian Zionism is a dangerous
and growing segment of Christianity, which was popularized by the 19th-century
American Cyrus Scofield when he wrote into a Bible his interpretation of events
in history. These events all centered around Israel-past, present, and future.
His Scofield Bible is today the most popular of the reference Bibles.
Scofield said that Christ cannot return to earth until certain events occur.
The Jews must return to Palestine, gain control of Jerusalem and rebuild a
temple, and then we all must engage in the final, great battle called
Armageddon. Estimates vary, but most students of Armageddon theology agree that
as a result of these relatively recent interpretations of Biblical scripture, 10
to 40 million Americans believe Palestine is God's chosen land for the Jews.
Jesuit roots of Christian Zionism.
Halsell is correct to indicate that Scofield was the most significant populizer
in the history of Christian Zionism. However, the origins of the
movement date back much earlier. The Verlag
Traugott Bautz (www.bautz.de/bbkl), vol IV (1992) columns 965-966, by Klaus
Reinhardt (as translated by the Google search engine) reveal the interesting phenomenon of a Jesuit (Roman Catholic secret
society) priest, pretending to be a Jewish convert to Christianity. He
text which was first published ten years after his death, but was then
translated into four additional languages and produced in many editions -- even
though it was banned (various times?) by the Catholic hierarchy. Biblical-theology.com
adds the following information:
was banished from Chile in 1767 with other Jesuits. Shortly after, he fancied
himself to be a converted Jew and changed his name to Rabbi Ben Ezra. Lacunza
began writing a book entitled "The Coming of Messiah in Glory and
Majesty" under the name of Ben Ezra, and finished the book about 1791. In
his book, Lacunza taught the that Jesus would return two times for the Church.
His first return would be to get His Church out of the world so that God the
Father could pour out His wrath. This may be the portion from which came the
idea of a pretribulation rapture. Lacunza died before the book was published
in Spanish about the year 1812. The book never became very popular. In fact,
it would probably have slipped into oblivion as so many unpopular books have
done throughout the years. However, Lacunza's book somehow made its way to
England, where Edward Irving found it in the library of the Archbishop of
Canterbury in London.
The concept of a pre-Tribulation rapture is central to our story, because
it is at the root of the idea that the Jews must re-build the
Temple in Jerusalem before the Rapture can occur -- thus leading to the uneasy
alliance between Christianity and Zionism which is at the heart of the
Christian Zionist political identity. It is difficult to say whether
Lacunza could have forecast the tremendous ramifications of this
conceptualization, which was latent in his work. It is remarkable,
however, that so much energy was invested in translating and then banning this
book with its rather obscure topic -- what better means to attract
A boost from the world of the Occult:
Edward Irving was a charismatic preacher who was building a spiritual,
pentecostal church. There are some indications that he and his church were
involved with spiritual occult philosophy, although the details are far from
Last Trumpet" (Tim Warner) cites a letter by Irving in which he
mentions "visions or revelations" given to Mary Campbell and Margaret
MacDonald: "The substance of Mary Campbell's and
Margaret Macdonald's visions or revelations, given in their papers, carry to me
a spiritual conviction and a spiritual reproof which I cannot express.
" These psychic visions, of course, gave substantial reinforcement to
the radically new theological content of the "pre-Tribulation"
church. The anonymous author of the Larouchite web site "econcrisis.homestead.com"
quotes Robert Norton and Andrew Drummond as further sources for the belief that Mary
Campbell and Margared Macdonald may have had some interest in occult skills such
as would typically be learned in an occult secret society.
Scofield brings along the psychopathic tendency:
In a critique of Scofield's Reference Bible and other manifestations of
fundamentalism, the modernist Protestant Christian author Bruce Bawer wrote (in Stealing
The Scofield Reference Bible looks like a lot of
Bibles: Each page contains two columns of scripture separated by a narrower
column of cross-references. What distinguishes it from most Bibles is
that it also contains extensive footnotes. These footnotes add up to a
highly tendentious dispensationalist interpretation of the Bible. There
are whole books of Scofield's Bible in which the annotation is minimal, almost
absent; but in other books there are pages on which the annotation takes up
far more space than the text. Like Jefferson's Bible, then, Scofield's
Bible is an extraordinary act of audacity. But the two men came at
Scripture from utterly opposite directions. Jefferson sought to preserve
Jesus' moral teachings and to remove materials (including accounts of miracles
and prophecies) that seemed to him ahistorical and thus, as Jaroslav Pelikan
has written, to "find the essence of true religion in the
Gospels." Scofield also sought "the essence of true
religion", but he located this essence not in the moral teachings of the
Gospels butin the miracles and prophecies, most of them located outside the
Gospels. Jefferson's chaff, in short, was Scofield's wheat.
The Scofield Reference Bible was a brilliant
idea. Over the centuries, countless theologians had written learned
books in which they grappled with the complex, ambiguous, often contradictory
meanings of scripture. But Scofield plainly knew two important things
about the people he wanted to reach. One: They didn't read books of
theology, but they did look at their Bibles (if only occasionally). Two:
they didn't want to grapple with complexities and ambiguities and
contradictions: they wanted certitude, orthodoxy.
This Scofield gave them in spades. His
footnotes never offer up different possible interpretations of a text;
instead, they set forth, with an air of total authority, a detailed,
elaborate, and consistent set of interpretations that add up to a theological
system that few Christians before Darby could have conceived of -- and that,
indeed, marked a radical departure from the ways in which most Christians had
always believed. Yet Scofield brazenly proferred his theology as if it
were beyond question. And he presented it as if it were
traditional, and as if every other way of understanding the true nature of
Christian belief marked a radical departure from the true faith.... The
chutzpah here is mind-boggling.
Clearly a major propaganda coup for the fundamentalists, the Scofield Bible
became possibly the most important and well-remembered instrument for spreading
the Christian Zionist faith. Yet it did not occur in a vacuum, and
Scofield was no innocent seeker after the true subtleties of theology.
The anonymous website historicist.com posted a
sermon allegedly by Rev. Nord Davis, and apparently based on the book
"The Incredible Scofield and his Book" by Joseph Canfield. This
sermon describes Scofield in terms which (if correct) would unmistakably
identify a very serious psychopathic syndrome. Davis claims that funding
and support for Scofield's Reference Bible project came from a group called the
"Secret Six" which had earlier been involved in organizing the John
Brown slave rebellion which touched off the American civil war -- and from prominent Jewish attorney Samuel Untermeier
through a New York literary society called the Lotus Club.
C. I. Scofield, deserted his first wife, Leonteen
Carry Scofield and his two young daughters Abigail and Helen.... he
never sent them any financial support even though he became very wealthy. They
never got a dime. A woman in the 1880s did not have government welfare. And
good paying jobs were not usually available in those days. He treated his wife
and children as though they did not exist.
According to every reference I could find about him
and his background in the areas from which he came I found that he was in love
with 2 other women. Running with both at the same time. A young lady from the
St Louis Flower Mission, whose name I have not yet been able to discover, and
a Helen Van Wark a woman he later married. After his wife, stayed abandoned
for many years, she would not divorce him for Scriptural reasons. Finally,
when she found out about his activities, she had no choice and divorced him....
You know, every time you see a Scofield Bible, think
about that lady. As a Christian Mr. Scofield entered the legal and political
career. After he was alleged to be saved he stole thousands of dollars from
his Christian and secular friends. One of his financial scams was quite
serious and he got convicted of forgery, and spent 6 months in the St. Louis
Missouri jail. He defrauded his mother in law of 1,300 dollars in gold, and
never paid her back even though his finances were such he could have done so....
Out of [...] Massachusetts society came a man born in
Middleton in 1833 named John J. Ingalls. He was a graduate of Williams
College. Then well endowed with Esau and his clan, he became a lawyer. He was
a spokesman for a Boston Group known as the "Secret Six". Isn't it
interesting they picked six? Mr. Ingalls was sent to Atchison Kansas, and it
is enough to say right here that he associated himself with a young lawyer
Cyrus I Scofield.
Actually Scofield never attended any college even for
one day as a student. Scofield however fancied himself as a lawyer. He assumed
all sorts of phony credentials. From that of a minister to that of a Bible
scholar, to that of a lawyer, Nothing seemed to hinder him. And of course he
was not admitted to the bar as he could not pass the examination. However
through the influences of the Secret Six men in Kansas Scofield was admitted
to the Bar. Thought he had never attended any school, and with no formal
training whatever, he gave himself a theological doctorate degree, in the same
Scofield, went on with the help of the Secret Six, to
be appointed United States Attorney for Kansas, only to be forced to resign
after six months when he and his friend Ingalls were caught trying to
blackmail the railroads out of some money.
Now with the Secret Six, Scofield, and some of his
associates, such as Dwight L. Moody, things were going to change. On July 23,
1901, Scofield confided in his friends the he intended to develop a reference
Bible that would bring about "this new beginning and new testimony".
Of course such tremendous efforts takes a lot of money, and a lot of time.
Scofield had the time and he needed the money. While he was talking like a
Christian out of one side of his mouth he was taking money and doing the
bidding of his socialist communist friends of the secret six.
In 1901 the alleged offers of the Scofield reference
notes which were not entirely written by him was admitted to the Lotus club in
New York much to the embarrassment of his holier than thou Christian friends.
It was restricted to "a social intercourse between journalists, artists,
musicians, friends of literature, science, fine arts etc.". Scofield was
at this time no more than a Kansas con man. With no background in these
particular fields, and a man with some highly placed friends. His reference
notes had not been written yet. Much less published. So his qualifications for
entrance into this group was of particular interest. Here it is. This clubs
literature committee which passed on "Dr. Scofield" was no other
than Samuel Untermeier - who was at that time the notorious criminal lawyer.
Untermeier was, as his name suggests, one of those kinfolk of Esau-edom and
his accomplishments on behalf of the Socialist communists in America takes up
two columns in Whose Who in America. Untermeier thought theology as one might
suppose would be far removed from that of a fundamental Bible believer.
No, my friend Scofield was no such believer. It was
directed by the Secret Six. to the Lotus club and their associate Samuel
Untermeier, who saw to it he was admitted without credentials. Scofield was
just a casual member they say, but listed it as his residence for 20 years
while his wife languished in Kansas without any support.
The purpose of Samuel Untermeier, and those
associated with him was to find a way to get fundamental Christians to have an
interest in and support for the international Zionist cause. Which had been
one of Untermeiers life long projects. Samuel Untermeier died in 1941 but
records I have in my office proves beyond a shadow of a doubt he was a
dedicated communist all the time. They prove he worked for communist causes
all of his adult life. In the 20 years of membership in the Lotus club
Scofield had a long association with him. And had to know about his un
American activities and his synagogue of Satan.
Jewish Zionists join the bandwagon, and Oxford too:
The attempted link of Scofield to the Secret Six is not fully credible -- the
attorney Ingalls was not considered a member of the Six, which had its heyday in
Civil War times. However, Scofield's connection with Untermeier may
have been quite fruitful, as discussed at Jackie Patru's "Sweet
Liberty" web page. Ultimately the Reference Bible was published by
Oxford University Press, a prestigious arm of the British financial elite.
An analysis written by an anonymous author
(possibly Patru) states:
Upon his release from prison, Scofield deserted his
first wife, Leonteen Carry Scofield, and his two daughters Abigail and Helen,
and he took as his mistress a young girl from the St. Louis Flower Mission.
He later abandoned her for Helen van Ward, whom he eventually married.
Following his Illuminati connections to New York, he settled in at the
Lotus Club, which he listed as his residence for the next twenty years. It
was here that he presented his ideas for a new Christian Bible concordance,
and was taken under the wing of Samuel Untermeier, who later became chairman
of the American Jewish Committee, president of the American League of Jewish
Patriots, and chairman of the Non-sectarian Anti-Nazi League.
introduced Scofield to numerous Zionist and socialist leaders, including
Samuel Gompers, Fiorello LaGuardia, Abraham Straus, Bernard Baruch and Jacob
Schiff. These were the people who financed Scofield's research trips to Oxford
and arranged the publication and distribution of his concordance.
At this same link, Patru also documents an incident in which
Untermeier was able to blackmail US President Harry Truman to influence him to
appoint the Zionist judge Brandeis to the Supreme Court. The story is
credited to The Hidden Tyranny, by Benjamin H. Freedman.
The pamphleteer from Big Oil (and tobacco):
Scofield's Bible appeared in 1909. Remarkably, the very next year, another
major propaganda thrust for the newly canonized Christian Zionist religion
took form on the other side of the American continent. According to the "Web
Therapy" website by Dani Treweek, Union Oil (California) founder Lyman
Stewart spent $250,000 to distribute a series of pamphlets called "The
Fundamentals" which advocated the dispensational pre-millenialist
(Christian Zionist) viewpoint. The pamphlets, three million copies
altogether, were distributed free to churches throughout the United
States. Stewart was apparently inspired by the successes of
the tobacco industry, which was giving out free samples to addict young
people to their products: he wrote to his brother Milton, "… the
American Tobacco Company was spending millions to distribute free cigarettes to
give people a taste for them and that Christians should learn from the wisdom of
the world". (George M Marsden 'The Fundamentals: A Testimony to the
Truth' p.vi, as quoted by Treweek.)
A grand plan? This story
-- the creation of a politically malevolent, theologically fraudulent, and
tremendously popular and influential new religion -- has the
appearance of a grand conspiracy operating across continents and over a time
span of a century. Initiated by a Jesuit masquerading as a Jew, the plot
gets an endorsement from the world of occulted spiritualism, crosses the
Atlantic and takes root in America, and becomes a major propaganda darling of
Zionist and American industrialist interests.
While it is tempting to argue that Christian Zionism is simply
a (successful) attempt by Zionists to hijack American Protestantism for
their own political purposes, this theory does not explain the complicity of so
many other factors. More than likely, if this represents a coordinated
conspiracy, the Zionists could be playing a role designed for them by the
Anglo-American elites, represented in this story by contributors such as Oxford
Press and the Union Oil fortune.
We must also consider the possibility that this
coordination may be illusory, a more or less coincidental result of actions
taken by independent individuals and societies, each choosing to participate in
the drama because of distinctive goals and needs. But regardless of whether these machinations are covertly
organized across time and space, or whether they occur in spontaneous
self-organization, their thoroughly fraudulent nature is unmistakable. By
this mechanism, the humble, naive piety of the average citizen is harnessed to
the goals of the psychopathic tendency of the elite classes.
Links -- This same pattern of
secret society and/or psychopathic involvement in the formative stages and the
promotion of popular religions may be seen in several other significant
movements in the 19th and 20th centuries -- for example, Scientology,
Mormonism, and the
Unification Church of Sun Myung Moon.